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Going through the vicissitudes of life and gradually glorious --- the development history of farms in the Huangfan District of Henan Province

Going through the vicissitudes of life and gradually glorious --- the development history of farms in the Huangfan District of Henan Province

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  • Time of issue:2021-09-03
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Going through the vicissitudes of life and gradually glorious --- the development history of farms in the Huangfan District of Henan Province

(Summary description)Time flies, time flies.With the great changes of the times, along the way, the farms in the Yellow Flooded Area of ​​Henan Province have gone through 55 years of arduous and extraordinary development. In 55 years, the road has been ruined and dusty, and in 55 years, it was a flick of a finger.

  • Categories:HOT INFO
  • Author:
  • Origin:
  • Time of issue:2021-09-03
  • Views:0

Time flies, time flies.

   With the great changes of the times, the farms in the Yellow Flooding Area of ​​Henan Province have gone through 55 years of arduous and extraordinary development. In 55 years, the road has been ruined and dusty, and in 55 years, it was a flick of a finger.

Over the past 55 years, through the joint efforts of several generations of farmers, farms in the Yellow River flooding area have grown from nothing, from small to large, from weak to strong, and have developed into a land area of ​​98 square kilometers, 102,000 mu of arable land, and a total population of 3.02. Ten thousand people, 15,000 employees, under the jurisdiction of 28 administrative institutions, 1 regiment-level armed department, more than 1,200 individual industrial and commercial households and private enterprises, and 13 large-scale provincial first-class units in Zhoukou City and Xihua County State-owned farming enterprises. A small town with a beautiful environment, fresh air, complete infrastructure, and complete service functions, which is most suitable for people to live and even for leisure and sightseeing, has initially appeared in front of people.

   55 years of long journey, 55 years of arduous struggle, 55 years of trials and hardships, 55 years of great changes in rivers and rivers.

The vicissitudes of the yellow flooding area is facing the green plains with abundant grains and lush forests and the new look of the yellow flooding area full of vitality. Who will believe that this is the desolate yellow flooding area of ​​the past? Naturally, people will not forget it. The past of the Yellow River flooding area, the history of the Yellow River flooding area will be engraved in the hearts of the people of the Yellow River flooding area...

In June 1938, after the Japanese invaders occupied Kaifeng, a major town in eastern Henan, they marched westward and threatened Zhengzhou and Wuchang. Using water as an excuse to stop the Japanese army, the Nationalist government brazenly blasted the Yellow River embankment at Huayuankou in Zhengzhou. The surging yellow water swept away thousands of miles, and the vast plain became a country of Zee. 893,000 people died in Huangquan and 12 million people were displaced in 44 counties in Henan, Anhui, and Jiangsu provinces. By 1946, the Yellow River was closed, and the Yellow River was flooded for 8 years. In the past eight years, there have been years of famines and starvation in the east of Henan Province, and the "Yellow Flooding Area" of 54,000 square kilometers has been artificially created.

"Yellow flood zone", a symbol of shame.

"Yellow flood zone", synonymous with suffering.

"Without a hundred miles of smoke, only the yellow sand rushes into the empty city, the fox and rabbit run in the wild grass without a path, and the reed frog crows in Zeguo", this is the true portrayal of the yellowish flooded area after the disaster.

After the founding of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, the party and government attached great importance to the reclamation of the Yellow River flooded area. In February 1950, the central government established the Huangfan District Rejuvenation Committee and set up an office in Kaifeng, the provincial capital of Henan Province, the Huangfan District Rejuvenation Bureau. The state allocated special funds to start the "rejuvenation" movement for the benefit of future generations.

The rejuvenation work has achieved great results and won the praise of Premier Zhou Enlai. Zhou Enlai instructed after listening to the report on the revival: the end of the revival work, the land can be distributed to farmers by households, there are too many land and few people, and the farmers can’t be divided. Can a large farm be built in the Yellow River flooding area? So the care of the central government and the Henan Provincial Government After a short period of preparation, in January 1951, the Yellow River flooded area farm was formally established.

The farm in the Yellow River floodplain was born. This land full of cattail grass and wormwood was awakened by a group of pioneers who were fighting against the sky and daring to fight. With the support of the party and the people, the 194 pioneers gathered from all sides of the motherland in the Yellow River flooded area, kicked off the prelude to working hard and conquering the wasteland. At that time, there were no ridges and no houses, and the living and working environment was very difficult. "A cup of tea and half a cup of mud, thin noodle soup in the bottom of the sand plate. There is no shelter from the cold in winter, and no shelter in summer." This is what the team members lived at that time. Portrayal. However, hardships and hardships cannot frighten the brave and fearless reclamation team members. They live as a house, live as a bed, live in a hayloft, burn reeds, carry forward the spirit of Nanniwan, rely on a few old machines, a few marching pots, and fight against the sand. Sowing autumn seeds, using diligent hands to open up a fertile ground, and using his youth to write a earth-shattering picture.

In May 1951, the farm in the Yellow River flooded area ushered in the first mechanized harvesting season after the construction of the farm. The manpower and material resources of the whole farm were concentrated on the harvesting battle. That year 1.76 million catties of wheat were all harvested and put into warehouses. The average yield per mu is 210 jin, nearly twice that of the surrounding villagers.

Recalling the tragic years of the past, history will not forget, and the Republic will not forget. In the boiling hot land of the Yellow River flooded area, batches of outstanding farmers have used their ingenuity to develop, create, and consolidate the new state-owned mechanization. The farm uses the spirit of self-reliance and hard work to create the glory of the Yellow River flooding area. In 1965, the farm in the Yellow River flooded area was named one of the eight model farms in the country by the Ministry of Agriculture and Reclamation, and was known as the "Pearl of the Central Plains".

Reform and innovation "Pearl of the Central Plains" reappears the glorious Yellow River water that records the joys and sorrows of the children in the Yellow River flooding area, and also witnesses the reform and opening up of the Central Plains today.

On the 98 square kilometers of the hot land of farms in the Yellow River flooded area, groups of outstanding farmers rely on the spirit of self-reliance and hard work in the land to create the immortal glory of the Yellow River flooded area. However, due to poor natural conditions, several changes of affiliation, insufficient investment and overburden, especially after entering the 1990s, the country’s social and economic system has undergone significant changes, and the farm in the Yellow River flooding area is a typical “old brand”. Large state-owned enterprises, the rigidity of systems and mechanisms brought about by the inertia of the long-term planned economic system, and the self-enclosure and conservativeness caused by the self-contained social ecology have left many glorious farms in the Yellow River flooding area behind the tide of market economy. A state of decline is increasingly appearing. By the end of 1997, the entire loss had reached 24.48 million yuan.

The farm in the Huangfan District, with more than 10,000 employees, is on the verge of being difficult to survive!

What to do? Where is the way out for the pan-regional people? How to save this ill-fated large state-owned farming enterprise?

In September 1997, a new leadership team was established. In the face of numerous difficulties, they are determined to gradually deepen reforms to change the backwardness of the farms, and use broader, deeper, and more powerful reforms to rejuvenate farms in the Yellow River flooded area.

The party and government team of the farm in the Huangfan District uses the "three benefits" as the standard, abandons the staleness, reforms and innovates, strives hard, keeps pace with the times, seeks survival through reform, seeks development through reform, and uses reform to solve the problems encountered in progress. They focused on implementing the land lease system, deepening the reform of the agricultural system, focusing on the reform of the shareholding system, deepening the reform of chemical companies and enterprises, focusing on the form of private office assistance, deepening the reform of the education and medical system, and streamlining institutions and introducing Responsibilities, powers, and benefits should be based on the corresponding mechanism to deepen the reform of government agencies and administrative institutions. Among the reforms, the most complex and arduous is the reform of the agricultural system based on the land lease system. The farms in the Huangfan District began to implement the family land contract system in 1984. Since 1997, the basic policies of "two self-care", "four households", and "six unifications" have been gradually implemented. In 2002, the farms made every effort to promote the land lease system. The main content is that the field-owned land is divided into three types: social security fields (employee status fields), leased fields, and life security fields. Social security land is where employees raise social security fees in the form of planting land. The growers are required to engage in efficient planting according to the plan. The leased field is set up in accordance with the principle of conducive to unified planning and layout and the advantages of machinery, technology, capital and resources, and is mainly engaged in the production of high-quality seeds. The land lease system has realized the fundamental transformation of the general farm from operating to asset management in agriculture, and the entire farm has achieved a historic breakthrough in agricultural production.

The reform of the industrial and commercial enterprises is mainly based on the reform of the shareholding system and gradually move towards modern company management and operation. In 1998, the farm carried out a drastic restructuring of industrial and commercial enterprises. Among the 23 enterprises owned by the farm, 3 were directly formed as limited liability companies, 2 were leased, 8 were bankrupt, and 10 were merged. In 2002, the farm again took property rights replacement, capital increase and share expansion as the starting point. Based on the principles of reducing the share of state-owned shares, holding large shares by managers, and increasing the share of natural persons, the farm has a limited liability for Dishen Seed Industry Co., Ltd. and Tianying Cylinder Liner. The company, Xinxin Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd., and Luyuan Chemical Co., Ltd. underwent the second restructuring. The asset-liability structure of the enterprise has improved, the burden has been reduced, the sense of responsibility of the operators has been significantly enhanced, and the production and operation have shown a good momentum.

By 2005, the entire farm had achieved a gross national product of 21.920 million yuan, a total social output value of 560.2 million yuan, a total agricultural output value of 160.6 million yuan, a total industrial output value of 104.34 million yuan, commercial sales of 50.43 million yuan, and 61,835 live pigs. 100264 heads of slaughter, 10500 heads of breeding pigs were sold, and the degree of agricultural mechanization reached more than 98%.

The farm in Huangfan District has been rated as the National Agricultural Advanced Collective for many times, and has been awarded by the State Council. In 2000, it was identified as the leading enterprise in agricultural industrialization by the Henan Provincial People's Government. In May 2004, it was awarded the "National May 1st Labor Award".

After the wind and rain, the mountains are more beautiful, and the flowers are more red after the wind and frost. Today’s farms in the Yellow River flooding area are developing rapidly through the idea of ​​“planting and raising costs, industrial breakthroughs, technological leadership, management efficiency, optimizing structure, encouraging innovation, activating circulation, and increasing the total amount”. Enterprise" makes the "Pearl of the Central Plains" add more brilliance.

Planting demonstration, science and technology first, the Yellow River flooding area, as a national "seed engineering" base, is responsible for the development, trial planting and promotion of new varieties of cotton, grain and oil all year round. Through the development and promotion of new varieties, the surrounding farmers will be encouraged to adjust the planting structure, so as to increase farmers' income and increase agricultural efficiency. Huangfan District Dishen Seed Industry Co., Ltd. is a modern seed enterprise integrating scientific research, development, production and management. Founded in 1982, the company currently has a registered capital of 65.15 million yuan and has a breeding base of 120,000 mu. It is a key demonstration unit of the national "seed engineering" project and one of the top 50 enterprises in the national seed industry. The company has 67 agricultural technicians and 42 senior and middle-level agronomists. It undertakes trials and demonstration projects of new varieties of crops at the national, provincial and municipal levels throughout the year. The company has 4 varieties of independent intellectual property rights and the right to operate and develop 8 new varieties of crops. The annual production and operation of high-quality crop seeds such as wheat, corn, cotton, soybeans, peanuts, etc. are more than 4 million kilograms, which are sold well in Henan, Anhui, Jiangsu, Hubei, etc. In more than 100 counties and cities in the province, its leading product, wheat seeds, has been awarded "Henan Famous Brand Agricultural Products" by the Henan Provincial Government. This is currently the only seed brand in Henan Province that has received this title.

In recent years, the company has continuously improved its management system and adhered to the path of agricultural industrialization. Seed production and operation have achieved a pattern of "specialization of production, scale of operation, standardized management, and integration of breeding, reproduction and promotion". The company has independently developed new varieties of Shenmai No. 1 and Shenmai No. 2 wheat, new varieties of Dishen 21 and Dishen 22 soybeans, and new cotton varieties of Shenmian No. 1 and Shenmian No. 2, among which the average Shenmai No. 2 wheat The yield per unit reached 559.9 kg, and it won two first places in the production test in Henan Province and the national Huanghuai regional test from 2003 to 2004.

At present, the sales volume of wheat seeds produced by Dishen Seed Industry Co., Ltd. in Huangfan District accounts for 2.2% of the national wheat seed market and 10% of the market in Henan Province.

The farm cotton production in Huangfan District has a long history. Since the establishment of the farm, it has been undertaking national and provincial cotton regional trials. It has selected a large number of new and excellent varieties for the identification of Huanghuai area and Henan Province, and has successively won 12 national and provincial awards. . The cotton area of ​​the whole field stabilized at around 80,000 mu. It has successively explored the advanced experience of intercropping with grain and cotton, staged fertilization of cotton, treatment of insects at the egg stage of cotton, and fast hand-picking of cotton, etc., and took the lead in the implementation of mulching cotton. In 1985, the national cotton regional experiment undertaken by the Agricultural Science Research Institute of the Yellow River Flooded Area won the first prize of the National Science and Technology Progress Award.

The cotton seed production of the farms in the Yellow River flood area started early and has a large scale. It has always been the main cotton seed production base in the surrounding areas. It has successively demonstrated and promoted more than 70 excellent varieties such as Lumian No. 1 and Jimian No. 8. It was designated by the state in 2000. "High-quality cotton production base". In the same year, the farm built a cotton processing plant and a seed processing production line, with an annual cotton processing capacity of 50 million kilograms and a cotton seed processing capacity of 10 million kilograms. The company now has an annual cotton seed production area of ​​10,000 mu and a hybrid seed production area of ​​500 mu, making it the largest cotton seed production base in Henan.

At present, the Agricultural Science Institute of Dishen Company has become the national cotton regional test station. In 2004, we undertook 22 national and Henan provincial transgenic insect-resistant cotton regional trials, hybrid cotton regional trials, conventional cotton regional trials, and production trials, with 123 participating varieties. The company is steadily developing step by step in the development of the cotton seed industry.

Prospering the farm with industry and coordinated development. Through asset reorganization and technological innovation, the Huangfan District farms have used industry to develop their farms, enabling rapid economic development. There are 13 near-agricultural enterprises including fertilizer production, animal husbandry, food processing, and machinery manufacturing. It was identified as a key leading enterprise in agricultural industrialization by the provincial government. As one of the star enterprises, Huangfan District Luyuan Chemical Co., Ltd. was founded in the early 1970s. After more than 30 years of rolling development, it has now formed an annual output of 200,000 tons of superphosphate, 80,000 tons of sulfuric acid, and granular phosphate fertilizer. 50,000 tons, 50,000 tons of high-concentration compound fertilizer, 800 tons of sodium fluorosilicate, and 2 million woven bags make it the largest superphosphate production base in Henan Province. The company's leading product, "Lvyuan" brand superphosphate, has been awarded the "Quality Product" by the Ministry of Agriculture, and has been continuously listed as a "Key Protected Product" and "Product Exemption Enterprise" by the Henan Provincial Bureau of Quality and Technical Supervision. "Lvyuan" brand superphosphate is sold well in more than 200 counties and cities in Henan, Anhui, Shandong and other provinces, with annual profits of more than 5 million yuan, ranking the leading position in the industry in Henan Province.

"Peanuts, beans, wheat and cotton, the harvest depends on the green original." This slogan widely circulated in the Central Plains shows the farmers' trust in the "Lvyuan" brand. The resounding "Lvyuan" is a strong brand. Just like her name, it has dyed the fertile fields of the Central Plains and made its due contribution to the development of local agriculture.

Huangfan District Xinxin Animal Husbandry Co., Ltd. was restructured in 2002 on the basis of the original Huangfan District Animal Husbandry Corporation. Today’s Xinxin Animal Husbandry Company in Huangfan District has 6 intensive and industrial pig farms, a feed processing plant with an annual output of 50,000 tons, a vegetable oil plant, and a meat processing plant. The large pig export and domestic sales transshipment facilities have formed a one-stop production and operation model of production, supply and sales.

The company produces 75,000 live pigs annually and provides 20,000 breeding pigs annually. The annual supply of live pigs to Hong Kong is 35,000, accounting for one-sixth of the live pigs supplied to Hong Kong in Henan Province. The company has been named "Advanced Unit for Live Pig Supply to Hong Kong" by Henan Grains, Oils and Foodstuffs Import and Export Corporation for 10 consecutive years. "Strong good breed enterprise" was named a provincial "civilized unit" by the Henan Provincial Party Committee and the Provincial Government in 1999, and the pig and pork products produced were named "Non-Pollution Agricultural Products" by the Henan Provincial Quality and Technical Supervision Bureau. The company's "pan area" brand breeding pig was rated as a famous brand agricultural product in Henan Province in 2004.

As one of the star enterprises, Huangfan District Tianying Cylinder Liner Co., Ltd. is a high-tech enterprise in Henan Province and the largest professional manufacturer of compressor cylinder liners and ship cylinder liners in Henan Province. It has more than 50 years of production history and existing employees. 400 people, engineering and technical personnel accounted for 25%. The company covers an area of ​​130,000 square meters, more than 250 sets of main equipment, a registered capital of 7.3 million yuan, strong technical force, complete management institutions, complete physical and chemical, measurement and testing methods, and has passed the IS09002 international quality system demonstration and China Shipbuilding Classification The social factory proved that it is a first-class advanced enterprise in Henan Province. It was the first batch to be awarded the title of Clean and Civilized Factory by the Ministry of Petrochemical and the Henan Province Quality Management Award.

The company uses centrifugal casting technology to produce "Tianying" brand diesel engine cylinder liners, which are widely used in shipbuilding, power generation and other industries. The company's independently developed RTA58φ580mm high-power marine diesel engine cylinder liner passed the technical appraisal organized by the Henan Provincial Department of Science and Technology, and all indicators reached the ZBU05005-89 regulations, and won the second prize of scientific and technological progress issued by the Henan Provincial People's Government. The company uses the thin-walled sleeve technology to repair the compressor cylinder block technology, which fills the gap in the country and is praised as "the best in China" by the Development Center of the State Council. "Tianying" brand cylinder liners are sold to more than 500 fertilizer plants, oil refineries and shipyards in 28 provinces and cities across the country.

With the revitalization of agriculture, industry, commerce and animal husbandry, the farms, culture, education, transportation, and medical care of the Yellow River flooded area have all developed by leaps and bounds. The annual power supply of the whole site reaches 27.05 million kilowatt hours; the per capita residential area of ​​the site is 25.2 square meters, and the brick and tile rate is 100%: household gas rate is more than 70%; tap water is more than 80%; cable TV coverage rate is more than 90% , Employees can generally see more than 20 sets of programs; 5000 mobile phones and fixed phones "fly into the homes of ordinary people"; broadband information network, which sets up a bridge for information exchange between the farm and the rest of the world; computers, motorcycles, cars and other high-end Commodities have entered the family of workers, and the majority of cadres and workers have begun to move towards the goal of becoming more prosperous.

Facing the new situation, the farms in the Yellow River flooding area are constructing new development advantages and planning new measures for tomorrow: further laying a solid foundation for agriculture, accelerating the pace of industrial development, implementing the leading strategy and industrialization strategy, playing high-efficiency agricultural music, and singing Industrial revitalization song.

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